To keep your garden clean, you need to know how to get rid of weeds. You can try to get rid of weeds with chemical herbicides, but if you are an opponent of this method, you can try to get rid of weeds by simple folk means.
Many gardeners dream of getting rid of weeds forever, but unfortunately this is impossible.
Weed seeds are contained in the soil in large quantities, and every summer they begin to germinate in spite of all gardeners. They should be eradicated at an early stage, because the more energy they gain, the more detrimental effect on the vital functions of cultivated plants. The weed sucks nutrients, moisture, minerals out of the soil and exhausts it, as well as absorbing the light needed by the planted plants.
Weed treatment with herbicides
This method is the fastest, most efficient and will take you the least amount of time. The choice of herbicide depends on the type of herb that spreads unchecked through your garden or vegetable garden. There are two types of pesticides on the biochemical market:
- Systemic (when it hits leaves or stems, the poison spreads both above and below ground, causing the weed to die off from the root to the last leaf);
- Contact (acts only where the poison enters).
There are herbicides on the spectrum of action:
- selective action;
- continuous action.
The difference is that solid herbicides will destroy not only the weed, but also all the cultivated plants you have planted. They can be used if you expect to see a field that is completely clean and free of weeds. It is often used to control dangerous and strong weeds such as borschevic or ragweed. Solid herbicides such as Antiburyan or Tornado will help eliminate all unwanted weeds on the lawn by preparing the ground for soft green grass.
Selective herbicides also help to maintain a beautiful and well-groomed lawn. If undesirable “guests” such as wheatgrass or dandelions start to break through the grass, all you have to do is choose the right remedy and determine the required chemical concentration.
Proper use of such agents will help to destroy weeds, but will not harm cultivated plants.
Mechanical weed control
Mechanical action means digging, cutting or pulling a storm out of the ground. It is possible to remove weeds this way, but it will take a lot of time and effort. For example, a garden portal has an underdeveloped root system and can be easily pulled out of the ground. But many weeds, such as wheatgrass or thistle, can hardly be removed manually.
Many try to mow weeds, which leads to further germination. If the root of a weed is not removed, the weed will still sprout and gain strength again in the future. Such a procedure should be carried out at least three times so that the root dries out and the plant does not attempt to climb.
The disadvantage of this method is the time and energy it takes. It is worth taking into account that weeds come up at different times, so weeding will need to be done periodically. The second disadvantage is that it is impossible to use this method on the lawn, because by mowing “parasites” you will damage the ornamental grass.
Mulching the soil
Mulching is a great way to control weeds, but you won’t find that you can deal with the problem quickly. The essence of the way is this: the earth is covered with some material (black film, sawdust, crushed stone, leaves), which deprives it of sunlight. Without sunlight there is no photosynthesis, and even the most resistant and strong plant dies.
This method is very effective and practically has no drawbacks, except one – the duration of the process. If you need to remove the bushes of weeds from the overgrown area, then cover the ground with a film is in late spring, and shoot next summer. The result will be stunning, but the year will have to wait.
You can put film or paper on a plot with strawberries or potatoes, making holes for each bush. The weeds will die slowly and strawberry bushes will not be affected, because thanks to the film, the soil will store moisture and heat.
People’s ways of fighting weeds
Before the invention of herbicides and other substances, people learned to fight against bad grass without chemistry and black film, which was popular among all dacha residents. Vinegar-based salt solution and home weed solution are considered very popular folk remedies.
A solution of common table salt, once in the soil, prevents the growth of weeds. This method helps to remove weeds and has been used for centuries, due to its availability and cheapness. It is enough to water the ground with a strong warm salt solution or generously sprinkle the area with salt (1.5 kg of salt per 1 m2), and dew and rainfall themselves will help it to dissolve and soak into the ground. The disadvantage of this method is the long-term unsuitability of the soil.